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地球同步轨道暗弱目标地基光学成像技术综述

罗秀娟 刘辉 张羽 陈明徕 兰富洋

罗秀娟, 刘辉, 张羽, 陈明徕, 兰富洋. 地球同步轨道暗弱目标地基光学成像技术综述[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2019, 12(4): 753-766. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191204.0753
引用本文: 罗秀娟, 刘辉, 张羽, 陈明徕, 兰富洋. 地球同步轨道暗弱目标地基光学成像技术综述[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2019, 12(4): 753-766. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191204.0753
LUO Xiu-juan, LIU Hui, ZHANG Yu, CHEN Ming-lai, LAN Fu-yang. Review of ground-based optical imaging techniques for dim GEO objects[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(4): 753-766. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191204.0753
Citation: LUO Xiu-juan, LIU Hui, ZHANG Yu, CHEN Ming-lai, LAN Fu-yang. Review of ground-based optical imaging techniques for dim GEO objects[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(4): 753-766. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191204.0753

地球同步轨道暗弱目标地基光学成像技术综述

doi: 10.3788/CO.20191204.0753
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金面上项目 61875257

详细信息
    作者简介:

    罗秀娟(1964—),女,江西南康人,研究员,硕士生导师,1986年于西安电子科技大学获得学士学位,主要从事激光成像技术方面的研究。E-mail:xj_luo@opt.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TH743

Review of ground-based optical imaging techniques for dim GEO objects

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61875257

More Information
  • 摘要: 地基光学成像是对空间目标进行探测识别的重要手段。本文分析了近十几年间建立的用于天文观测的巨型望远镜设备不能对地球同步轨道(Geostationary Earth Orbit, GEO)目标进行高分辨率观测的主要原因:除大气湍流对成像质量的影响和分辨率的限制外,还有GEO目标尺寸和目标亮度昏暗问题。因此需要引入非传统成像技术解决上述问题。本文研究了几种采用激光照明的非传统光学成像方法,具体分析论证了稀疏孔径成像、强度相关成像、剪切光束成像和傅立叶望远术等光学成像技术,阐述了各成像技术的优势与局限性,分析了几种方法对GEO暗弱目标高分辨率成像的应用前景。

     

  • 图 1  空间目标地基传统光学成像技术

    Figure 1.  Traditional ground-based optical imaging technology for space target

    图 2  凯克拼接镜

    Figure 2.  Keck Segmented mirror

    图 3  GMT望远镜概念图

    Figure 3.  GMT telescope concept map

    图 4  MROI干涉阵列

    Figure 4.  MROI interference array

    图 5  Galileo望远镜概念图

    Figure 5.  Galileo telescope concept map

    图 6  强度相关成像技术原理示意图

    Figure 6.  Schematic diagram of imaging correlography

    图 7  剪切光束成像原理示意图

    Figure 7.  Schematic diagram of sheared-beam imaging

    图 8  OPC 1 km水平路径外场实验装置(上)、目标(左)及成像结果(右)

    Figure 8.  Outfield experimental device of OPC 1 km horizontal path(top), object(left) and imaging result(right)

    图 9  傅立叶望远术成像原理示意图

    Figure 9.  Schematic diagram of imaging principle for Fourier telescope

    图 10  GLINT发射架与探测器接收阵列

    Figure 10.  GLINT transmitter and detectors receiving array

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  • 收稿日期:  2018-10-24
  • 修回日期:  2018-11-20
  • 刊出日期:  2019-08-01

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