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人工原子间耦合:超构表面调控电磁波的新自由度

林婧 李琦 邱孟 何琼 周磊

林婧, 李琦, 邱孟, 何琼, 周磊. 人工原子间耦合:超构表面调控电磁波的新自由度[J]. 中国光学, 2021, 14(4): 717-735. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0030
引用本文: 林婧, 李琦, 邱孟, 何琼, 周磊. 人工原子间耦合:超构表面调控电磁波的新自由度[J]. 中国光学, 2021, 14(4): 717-735. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0030
LIN Jing, LI Qi, QIU Meng, HE Qiong, ZHOU Lei. Coupling between Meta-atoms: a new degree of freedom in metasurfaces manipulating electromagnetic waves[J]. Chinese Optics, 2021, 14(4): 717-735. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0030
Citation: LIN Jing, LI Qi, QIU Meng, HE Qiong, ZHOU Lei. Coupling between Meta-atoms: a new degree of freedom in metasurfaces manipulating electromagnetic waves[J]. Chinese Optics, 2021, 14(4): 717-735. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0030

人工原子间耦合:超构表面调控电磁波的新自由度

doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0030
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(No. 11674068,No. 11734007,No. 91850101)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    周 磊(1972—),男,山东泰安人,教授,博士生导师,1992年,1997年于复旦大学分别获学士,博士学位,主要从事磁性材料,超构材料,光子晶体和等离激元领域等方向的研究。Email:phzhou@fudan.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O439

Coupling between Meta-atoms: a new degree of freedom in metasurfaces manipulating electromagnetic waves

Funds: Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11674068, No. 11734007, No. 91850101)
More Information
  • 摘要: 近年来,纳米光学体系中共振体间耦合引起了人们的广泛关注。相对于单一光子共振结构体系,由多个光子共振体组成的复杂耦合体系有着更大的调控自由度和更令人着迷的现象。然而,相比人们在实验方面取得的进步,对于耦合问题的理论描述仍远未令人满意。本文从少体问题到周期性超构表面,从光子封闭体系到开放体系,系统介绍了多种处理共振体间耦合的理论工具,以及如何利用这些工具设计具有特定电磁波调控功能的新型超构表面。本文将着重展示本研究团队近些年在这一领域的研究进展,为相关领域研究人员提供指引与参考。
  • 图  1  常见人工原子结构及其光学响应[23]

    Figure  1.  Typical Meta-atoms structures and their optical response[23]

    图  2  非对称介质光子共振体耦合结构[32-35]

    Figure  2.  Asymmetric dielectric resonators[32-35]

    图  3  常用理论研究方法。(a)离散偶极近似法[37];(b) LC等效电路模型[39]; (c) Fano理论[41];(d) 耦合模理论

    Figure  3.  Theoretical methods. (a) Discrete dipole approximation[37]; (b) LC equivalent circuit model[39]; (c) Fano theory[41]; (d) coupled mode theory

    图  4  (a)光子晶体能带与(b-c)本征波函数场分布[50]

    Figure  4.  (a) Computed band structure and (b-c) visualizations of two field components[50]

    图  5  (a) 归一化方法;(b) 光子紧束缚理论的数值验证[51]

    Figure  5.  (a) Normalization method; (b) numerical verification of generalized TBM[51]

    图  6  (a) 两体耦合示意图;(b)数值验证等效模型;(c) 通过调制耦合实现慢波系统[52]

    Figure  6.  (a) Schematic diagram of the coupling system; (b) numerical verification of the effective model; (c) realization of an ultraslow-wave plasmon transport by modulation coupling[52]

    图  7  开口环阵列的角度色散现象[56]

    Figure  7.  Angular dispersion of the SRR array[56]

    图  8  基于调制耦合与辐射实现的 (a)无角度色散全吸收器件;(b)角度选择性的全吸收器件;(c)角度依赖的多功能偏振调控器件;(d)非均匀超表面的角度依赖双功能波前调控器件[59]

    Figure  8.  (a) Incident-angle-insensitive meta-absorber;(b) incident-angle-selective meta-absorber ; (c) angle-multiplexed meta-polarizer ;(d) angle-multiplexed wavefront controller based on modulation coupling and radiation[59]

    图  9  (a)泄露本征模式的获取方式与(b)近远场分离

    Figure  9.  (a) The way to obtain the leaky eigen mode and (b) separation of the near- and far-field

    图  10  不同体系的泄露本征模式与准模的对比[65]

    Figure  10.  Comparisons of LEM and QNM for different systems[65]

    图  11  通过控制复杂光子体系的耦合强度实现对谱线线形的自由调控与完全“暗”模式的构建[65]

    Figure  11.  Tailoring of the lineshapes of the coupled plasmonic and achieving BIC by modulating the coupling strength between the resonators[65]

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-30
  • 修回日期:  2021-02-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-05-12
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-28

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