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离散波长消色差超构透镜的性能分析

肖行健 祝世宁 李涛

肖行健, 祝世宁, 李涛. 离散波长消色差超构透镜的性能分析[J]. 中国光学, 2021, 14(4): 823-830. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0102
引用本文: 肖行健, 祝世宁, 李涛. 离散波长消色差超构透镜的性能分析[J]. 中国光学, 2021, 14(4): 823-830. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0102
XIAO Xing-jian, ZHU Shi-ning, LI Tao. Performance analysis of the multiwavelength achromatic metalens[J]. Chinese Optics, 2021, 14(4): 823-830. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0102
Citation: XIAO Xing-jian, ZHU Shi-ning, LI Tao. Performance analysis of the multiwavelength achromatic metalens[J]. Chinese Optics, 2021, 14(4): 823-830. doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0102

离散波长消色差超构透镜的性能分析

doi: 10.37188/CO.2021-0102
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(No. 2016YFA0202103);国家自然科学基金(No. 91850204);南京大学登峰人才计划
详细信息
    作者简介:

    肖行健(1996—),男,四川乐山人,博士研究生,2019年于南京大学获得学士学位,主要从事平面透镜设计和全息技术的研究。E-mail:151190097@smail.nju.edu.cn

    李 涛(1978—),男,江苏丹阳人,博士,教授,博士生导师,2005年于南京大学获得博士学位,主要从事超构材料,微纳光学,光子集成方面的研究。E-mail:taoli@nju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O436.3

Performance analysis of the multiwavelength achromatic metalens

Funds: Supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2016YFA0202103); National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 91850204); Dengfeng Talent Program B of Nanjing University
More Information
  • 摘要: 在消色差的结构优化中,超构透镜的尺寸、消色差带宽及数值孔径具有内在制约关系,很难获得高效率的大尺寸消色差透镜。离散波长消色差设计将打破宽带消色差的参数制约,有望获得更高效率的成像性能。本文通过引入相位色散空间的概念,理论上阐明了离散波长消色差的效率变化规律,证明了离散波长消色差超构透镜在聚焦效率上优于宽带消色差超构透镜。计算结果表明,双波长消色差超构透镜效率大概为宽带消色差超构透镜的4倍,相关结果通过设计相应的超构透镜进行仿真模拟得到验证。进一步揭示并解释了离散波长消色差的聚焦效率会随消色差的频率间隔增大呈现出先下降后上升的规律。
  • 图  1  理论分析示意图。(a)两个频率ω1ω2的相位分布示意图;(b)相位色散空间示意图;(c)离散消色差与宽带消色差超构透镜相位处理上的差异;(d)约化后的相位色散空间。

    Figure  1.  Diagram for analyzation. (a) The phase distribution at frequency ω1and ω2; (b) phase-dispersion space; (c) difference in multiwavelength metalens and broadband metalens when it comes to phase processing; (d) phase-dispersion space after mod 2π.

    图  2  单元结构示意图及色散分布。(a)单元结构示意图。高度H=1 μm,周期p=350 nm;(b)结构提供的相位色散分布图。

    Figure  2.  Schematic of meta-unit and it’s phase-dispersion distribution. (a) Schematic of meta-unit. Height H=1 μm, periodic p=350 nm; (b) phase-dispersion provided by the meta-unit

    图  3  设计样品对应的光场分布及聚焦效率。(a)离散消色差超构透镜在设计波长处轴向光场分布。比例尺为500 nm;(b)宽带消色差超构透镜在6个波长处轴向光场分布。比例尺为1 μm;(c)离散消色差超构透镜和宽带消色差超构透镜在设计波长处的聚焦效率;(d)离散消色差超构透镜在平均聚焦效率随设计波长数目的变化

    Figure  3.  The light fields and focus efficiencies of the designed samples. (a) Light field of multiwavelength metalens at the wavelengths 450 nm and 650 nm along the propagation axis. Scale bar, 500 nm; (b) light field of broadband achromatic metalens at six wavelengths along the propagation axis. Scale bar, 1 μm; (c) the focus efficiency of multiwavelength metalens and broadband achromatic metalens at the designed wavelengths; (d) the distribution of focus efficiency with respect to the number of designed wavelength

    图  4  结构提供的色散分布和实际所需色散分布。(a)不同频率下结构所能提供的相位色散分布;(b)不同频率下实现离散消色差超构透镜所需的相位色散分布。每一列的两幅图对应频率相同。

    Figure  4.  The phase-dispersion provided by meta-unit and required for achromatic performance. (a) The phase-dispersion provided by meta-unit at different frequencies; (b) the phase-dispersion required for achromatic performance at different frequencies. Diagrams in the same column has the same frequencies

    图  5  相位色散误差及聚焦效率随频率间隔的分布。(a)双波长离散消色差超构透镜对应的相位色散误差;(b)双波长离散消色差超构透镜平均聚焦效率;(c)三波长离散消色差超构透镜对应的相位色散误差Θ随频率间隔δω1和δω2的分布。

    Figure  5.  The distributions of the phase-dispersion error and focus efficiency with respect to frequency interval. (a) The phase-dispersion error of dual-wavelength achromatic metalens. (b) The average focus efficiency of dual-wavelength achromatic metalens. (c) The phase-dispersion error of three-wavelength achromatic metalens.

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-08
  • 修回日期:  2021-05-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-05-27
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-28

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