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A novel methane and hydrogen sensor with surface plasmon resonance-based photonic quasi-crystal fiber

LIU Qiang ZHAO Jin SUN Yu-dan LIU Wei WANG Jian-xin LIU Chao LV Jing-wei WANG Shi-miao JIANG Yu CHU PaulK

刘强, 赵锦, 孙宇丹, 刘伟, 王建鑫, 刘超, 吕靖薇, 王诗淼, 蒋宇, PaulK.Chu. 基于表面等离子体共振的光子准晶体光纤甲烷氢气传感器[J]. 中国光学(中英文). doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0006
引用本文: 刘强, 赵锦, 孙宇丹, 刘伟, 王建鑫, 刘超, 吕靖薇, 王诗淼, 蒋宇, PaulK.Chu. 基于表面等离子体共振的光子准晶体光纤甲烷氢气传感器[J]. 中国光学(中英文). doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0006
LIU Qiang, ZHAO Jin, SUN Yu-dan, LIU Wei, WANG Jian-xin, LIU Chao, LV Jing-wei, WANG Shi-miao, JIANG Yu, CHU PaulK. A novel methane and hydrogen sensor with surface plasmon resonance-based photonic quasi-crystal fiber[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0006
Citation: LIU Qiang, ZHAO Jin, SUN Yu-dan, LIU Wei, WANG Jian-xin, LIU Chao, LV Jing-wei, WANG Shi-miao, JIANG Yu, CHU PaulK. A novel methane and hydrogen sensor with surface plasmon resonance-based photonic quasi-crystal fiber[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0006

基于表面等离子体共振的光子准晶体光纤甲烷氢气传感器

A novel methane and hydrogen sensor with surface plasmon resonance-based photonic quasi-crystal fiber

doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0006
Funds: Supported by the Hainan Province Science and Technology Special Fund [ZDYF2022GXJS003]; Youth Science Foundation of Northeast Petroleum University [No.2019QNL-17]; Postdoctoral Scientific Research Development Fund of Heilongjiang Province [No.LBH-Q20081];Local Universities Reformation and Development Personnel Training Supporting Project from Central Authorities[No.140119001], City University of Hong Kong Strategic Research Grant (SRG)[No.7005505].
More Information
    Author Bio:

    刘 强(1980—),男,黑龙江省泰来人,博士,教授,2012年毕业于哈尔滨工程大学获得博士学位,主要从事光纤传感技术研究。 E-mail:nepulq@126.com

    刘 超(1978—),男,黑龙江省木兰人,博士,教授,博士生导师,2008年毕业于哈尔滨工业大学,主要从事微结构光学器件研究。 E-mail:msm-liu@126.com

    Corresponding author: msm-liu@126.com
  • 摘要:

    设计了一种用于甲烷和氢气同时检测的基于表面等离子体共振(SPR)的新型光子准晶体光纤(PQF)传感器。在该传感器中,在银膜上分别沉积Pd-WO3和掺杂聚硅氧烷的笼型分子E薄膜作为氢气和甲烷的敏感材料。采用全矢量有限元方法对PQF-SPR传感器进行了数值分析,证明了该传感器具有良好的传感性能。在0%~3.5%的浓度范围内,氢气的最大检测灵敏度和平均灵敏度分别为0.8 nm/%和0.65 nm/%,甲烷的最大灵敏度和平均灵敏度分别为10 nm/%和8.81 nm/%。该传感器具有同时检测多种气体的能力,在设备小型化和远程监测方面具有很大的潜力。

     

  • Figure 1.  Cross-section of the PQF-SPR sensor.

    Figure 2.  Dispersion relationships of the X-polarized core mode and SPP mode, confinement loss spectra, and electric field distributions for C_H2=2.5%: (a) X-polarized core mode at 1875 nm, (b) X-polarized core mode at the phase matching point, and (c) X-polarized SPP mode at 1875 nm.

    Figure 3.  Dispersion relationships of the Y-polarized core mode and SPP mode, confinement loss spectra, and electric field distributions for C_CH4=2.5%: (a) Y-polarized core mode at 1570 nm, (b) Y-polarized core mode at the phase matching point, and (c) Y-polarized SPP mode at 1570 nm.

    Figure 4.  (a) CL spectra of the core mode for different hydrogen concentrations and (b) CL spectra of the core mode for different methane concentrations .

    Figure 5.  Relationship between the gas concentration and wavelength shift for hydrogen and methane.

    Figure 6.  (a) CL spectra of the core mode for different air hole diameters d when the hydrogen concentration is 3.0% and (b) Resonance wavelength versus hydrogen concentration (t1=t2=30 nm, h1=1.5 μm, h2=2.17 μm, and C_H2=3%).

    Figure 7.  (a) CL spectra of the core mode for different air hole diameters d when the methane concentrations are 2.0% and 2.5%; (b) Resonance wavelength versus methane concentration and average sensitivity (t1=t2=30 nm, h1=1.5 μm, and h2=2.17 μm).

    Figure 8.  (a) CL spectra of the core mode for different metal film thicknesses t1 at a hydrogen concentration of 3.0% and (b) Resonance wavelength versus hydrogen concentration and average sensitivity (d=1.58 μm, t2=30 nm, h1=1.5 μm, and h2=2.17 μm).

    Figure 9.  (a) CL spectra of the core mode for different metal film thicknesses t2 when the methane concentrations are 2.0% and 2.5%; (b) Resonance wavelength versus methane concentration and average sensitivity (d=1.58 μm, t1=30 nm, h1=1.5 μm, and h2=2.17 μm).

    Figure 10.  (a) CL spectra of the core mode for different metal film thicknesses h2 when the methane concentrations are 2.0% and 2.5%; (b) Resonance wavelength versus methane concentration and average sensitivity (d=1.58 μm, t1=t2=30 nm, and h1=1.5 μm).

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-12
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-27
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-08-04

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