留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

Design of all-optical half-adder based on nonlinear effect and linear interference effect

YANG Jian-ye WU Rong ZHANG Hao-chen

杨建业, 吴蓉, 张皓辰. 结合非线性效应和线性干涉效应设计的全光半加器[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(5): 1186-1194. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0029
引用本文: 杨建业, 吴蓉, 张皓辰. 结合非线性效应和线性干涉效应设计的全光半加器[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(5): 1186-1194. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0029
YANG Jian-ye, WU Rong, ZHANG Hao-chen. Design of all-optical half-adder based on nonlinear effect and linear interference effect[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(5): 1186-1194. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0029
Citation: YANG Jian-ye, WU Rong, ZHANG Hao-chen. Design of all-optical half-adder based on nonlinear effect and linear interference effect[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(5): 1186-1194. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0029

结合非线性效应和线性干涉效应设计的全光半加器

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: TN256

Design of all-optical half-adder based on nonlinear effect and linear interference effect

doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0029
Funds: Supported by Natural Science Foundation of Gansu Province (No. 21JR7RA289)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    Yang Jian-ye (1999—), male, born in Zhouqu County, Gansu Province, postgraduate. Received a Bachelor of Engineering degree from Lanzhou Jiaotong University in June 2021. Mainly engaged in research on mode division multiplexing integrated devices and all optical logic devices. E-mail: 1114332211@qq.com

    Corresponding author: 1114332211@qq.com
  • 摘要:

    结合光子晶体非线性效应和线性干涉效应设计了一种全光半加器。将光源平均分成两部分,对半加器的与门和异或门分开设计。利用非线性效应实现高对比度的与门;利用线性干涉效应实现异或逻辑,从而使器件整体响应速度更快。在这种设计结构下,器件对信号光源功率只有阈值要求,当信号功率大于51.4 mW/μm2时输出稳定,抗干扰能力强。所设计的半加器进位输出端口对比度为20.69 dB,输出端口对比度为20.13 dB。数据传输速率为0.75 Tbits/s,占用面积623 μm2

     

  • Figure 1.  Characteristics of nonlinear annular cavity. (a) Structure of nonlinear annular cavity. (b) Normalized power of output port in the band of 1.52−1.58 μm

    Figure 2.  Normalized output port powers at (a) low power incidence and (b) high power incidence

    Figure 3.  (a) XOR gate structure. (b) Steady state electric field diagram when input is logic '11'

    Figure 4.  Half-adder structure

    Figure 5.  Half-adder normalized power output curve. (a) Input is logical '01'. (b) Input is logical '10'. (c) Input is logical '11'

    Figure 6.  Optimized half-adder structure

    Figure 7.  Steady state diagram of half-adder electric field. (a) Input is logical '01'. (b) Input is logical '10'. (c) Input is logical '11'

    Figure 8.  Normalized power output curve. (a) Input is logical '01'. (b) Input is logical '10'. (c) Input is logical '11'

    Figure 9.  Influence of light source power on output. (a) Impact on CARRY output. (b) Impact on SUM output

    Table  1.   The output parameters of the latter half-adder

    Input (Normalized power) Output (Normalized power)
    A B CARRY SUM
    0 1 7.9×10−3 0.512
    1 0 7.8×10−3 0.505
    1 1 0.926 4.9×10−4
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Summarized features of proposed structure and previous works

    Works SUM
    contrast (dB)
    CARRY
    contrast (dB)
    Bit rate
    (Tbps)
    Footprint
    (μm2)
    Ref[18] 9.30 8.22 4.55 138
    Ref[19] 8.40 9.29 6.67 192
    Ref[20] 5.64 5.29 1.25 130
    This work 20.13 20.69 0.75 623
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] MEKIS A, MEIER M, DODABALAPUR A, et al. Lasing mechanism in two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers[J]. Applied Physics A, 1999, 69(1): 111-114. doi: 10.1007/s003390050981
    [2] DUTTA N K, JAQUES J. Semiconductor optical amplifier based optical logic devices[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2005, 6014: 60140X. doi: 10.1117/12.630739
    [3] YOSHIKUNI Y. Semiconductor optical devices[J]. IEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems, 1993, 113(4): 231-237. doi: 10.1541/ieejeiss1987.113.4_231
    [4] CHANDERKANTA, CHEN N K, KAUSHIK B K, et al. Implementation of reversible Peres gate using electro-optic effect inside lithium-niobate based Mach-Zehnder interferometers[J]. Optics & Laser Technology, 2019, 117: 28-37.
    [5] QIU P, WANG G L, LU J L, et al. Research of spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in a photonic crystal micro cavity[J]. Advanced Materials Research, 2011, 321: 208-212. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.321.208
    [6] ZHAO Y X, VORA K H, VOM BÖGEL G, et al. Design and simulation of a photonic crystal resonator as a biosensor for point-of-care applications[J]. tm-Technisches Messen, 2020, 87(7-8): 470-476. doi: 10.1515/teme-2019-0127
    [7] MIROUH F Z, LEBBAL M R, BOUCHEMAT M, et al. Transmission and Q-factor improvement in 2D square photonic crystal demultiplexer[J]. Journal of New Technology and Materials, 2019, 9(2): 22-27. doi: 10.12816/0057366
    [8] ARAM M H, KHORASANI S. Efficient analysis of photonic crystal slabs[J]. Journal of Lasers, Optics & Photonics, 2014, 1(2): 1000111.
    [9] QIANG H X, JIANG L Y, JIA W, et al. Design of one-dimensional dielectric and magnetic photonic crystal filters with broad omnidirectional filtering band[J]. Optica Applicata, 2011, 41(1): 63-77.
    [10] LIU W, ZHANG L SH, ZHANG F. Performance analysis of three-wavelength multi-channel photonic crystal filters of different sizes[J]. Crystals, 2022, 12(1): 91. doi: 10.3390/cryst12010091
    [11] LIU V, JIAO Y, MILLER D A B, et al. Design methodology for compact photonic-crystal-based wavelength division multiplexers[J]. Optics Letters, 2011, 36(4): 591-593. doi: 10.1364/OL.36.000591
    [12] NEMOVA G, JIN X, CHEN L R, et al. Modeling and experimental characterization of a dual-wavelength Bi-doped fiber laser with cascaded cavities[J]. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2020, 37(5): 1453-1460. doi: 10.1364/JOSAB.390847
    [13] NALLUSAMY N, ARZATE N, RAJA R V J, et al. Modeling nonlinear high-pressure sensors based on degenerate four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers[J]. Applied Optics, 2022, 61(10): 2591-2597. doi: 10.1364/AO.449032
    [14] MEI CH, WU Y, YUAN J H, et al. Design of compact and broadband polarization beam splitters based on surface plasmonic resonance in photonic crystal fibers[J]. Micromachines, 2022, 13(10): 1663. doi: 10.3390/mi13101663
    [15] ZHANG J J, SHI X D, ZHANG ZH J, et al. Ultra-compact, efficient and high-polarization-extinction-ratio polarization beam splitters based on photonic anisotropic metamaterials[J]. Optics Express, 2022, 30(1): 538-549. doi: 10.1364/OE.447501
    [16] KINCAID P S, PORCELLI A, NEVES A A R, et al. Size-dependent optical forces on dielectric microspheres in hollow core photonic crystal fibers[J]. Optics Express, 2022, 30(14): 24407-24420. doi: 10.1364/OE.458674
    [17] CHOUDHARY K, KUMAR S. Design of an optical OR gate using mach-zehnder interferometers[J]. Journal of Optical Communications, 2018, 39(2): 161-165. doi: 10.1515/joc-2016-0131
    [18] SEIFOURI M, OLYAEE S, SARDARI M, et al. Ultra-fast and compact all-optical half adder using 2D photonic crystals[J]. IET Optoelectronics, 2019, 13(3): 139-143. doi: 10.1049/iet-opt.2018.5130
    [19] ABDOLLAHI M, PARANDIN F. A novel structure for realization of an all-optical, one-bit half-adder based on 2D photonic crystals[J]. Journal of Computational Electronics, 2019, 18(4): 1416-1422. doi: 10.1007/s10825-019-01392-6
    [20] PARANDIN F, MALMIR M R. Reconfigurable all optical half adder and optical XOR and AND logic gates based on 2D photonic crystals[J]. Optical and Quantum Electronics, 2020, 52(2): 56. doi: 10.1007/s11082-019-2167-3
    [21] PARANDIN F, HEIDARI F, RAHIMI Z, et al. Two-dimensional photonic crystal biosensors: a review[J]. Optics & Laser Technology, 2021, 144: 107397.
    [22] ÇETINKAYA Ç, ÇOKDUYGULULAR E, KINACI B, et al. Highly improved light harvesting and photovoltaic performance in CdTe solar cell with functional designed 1D-photonic crystal via light management engineering[J]. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12(1): 11245. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-15078-w
    [23] ALAEI S, SEIFOURI M, BABAABBASI G, et al. Numerical investigation on self-heating effect in 1.3 µm quantum dot photonic crystal microstructure VCSELs[J]. The European Physical Journal Plus, 2022, 137(4): 515. doi: 10.1140/epjp/s13360-022-02731-6
    [24] JIANG Y C, LIU S B, ZHANG H F, et al. Realization of all optical half-adder based on self-collimated beams by two-dimensional photonic crystals[J]. Optics Communications, 2015, 348: 90-94. doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2015.03.011
    [25] 陈莹. 基于光子晶体自准直效应偏振无关光子器件的研究[D]. 南京: 南京邮电大学, 2020.

    CHEN Y. Study of polarization independent photonic devices based on self-collimation in phtonic crystal[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 2020. (in Chinese)
    [26] OLYAEE S, NAJAFGHOLINEZHAD S, BANAEI H A. Four-channel label-free photonic crystal biosensor using nanocavity resonators[J]. Photonic Sensors, 2013, 3(3): 231-236. doi: 10.1007/s13320-013-0110-y
    [27] SEIF-DARGAHI H, ZAVVARI M, ALIPOUR-BANAEI H. Very compact photonic crystal resonant cavity for all optical filtering[J]. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics, 2014, 8(4): 183-188. doi: 10.1007/s40094-014-0147-3
    [28] SANI M H, TABRIZI A A, SAGHAEI H, et al. An ultrafast all-optical half adder using nonlinear ring resonators in photonic crystal microstructure[J]. Optical and Quantum Electronics, 2020, 52(2): 107. doi: 10.1007/s11082-020-2233-x
    [29] CHATTOPADHYAY T, GAYEN D K. Optical half and full adders using the nonlinear Mach–Zehnder interferometer[J]. Journal of Optics, 2021, 50(2): 314-321. doi: 10.1007/s12596-021-00692-0
    [30] SAADI K, KASHANINIA A, SABBAGHI-NADOOSHAN R. All-optical half adder based on triangular lattice photonic crystals with uniform structural parameters[J]. Photonic Network Communications, 2022, 43(3): 204-211. doi: 10.1007/s11107-022-00970-2
    [31] FAIRBANKS A J, DARR A M, GARNER A L. A review of nonlinear transmission line system design[J]. IEEE Access, 2020, 8: 148606-148621. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3015715
    [32] SALIMZADEH S, ALIPOUR-BANAEI H. A novel proposal for all optical 3 to 8 decoder based on nonlinear ring resonators[J]. Journal of Modern Optics, 2018, 65(17): 2017-2024. doi: 10.1080/09500340.2018.1489077
    [33] DAGHOOGHI T, SOROOSH M, ANSARI-ASL K. A low-power all optical decoder based on photonic crystal nonlinear ring resonators[J]. Optik, 2018, 174: 400-408. doi: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2018.08.090
    [34] DIOUF M, SALEM A B, CHERIF R, et al. Super-flat coherent supercontinuum source in As38.8Se61.2 chalcogenide photonic crystal fiber with all-normal dispersion engineering at a very low input energy[J]. Applied Optics, 2017, 56(2): 163-169. doi: 10.1364/AO.56.000163
    [35] SAGHAEI H, HEIDARI V, EBNALI-HEIDARI M, et al. A systematic study of linear and nonlinear properties of photonic crystal fibers[J]. Optik, 2016, 127(24): 11938-11947. doi: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2016.09.111
    [36] ALIPOUR-BANAEI H, SERAJMOHAMMADI S, MEHDIZADEH F. All optical NAND gate based on nonlinear photonic crystal ring resonators[J]. Optik, 2017, 130: 1214-1221. doi: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2016.11.190
  • 加载中
图(9) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  171
  • HTML全文浏览量:  108
  • PDF下载量:  172
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-04
  • 修回日期:  2023-02-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-03-17

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回

    重要通知

    2024年2月16日科睿唯安通过Blog宣布,2024年将要发布的JCR2023中,229个自然科学和社会科学学科将SCI/SSCI和ESCI期刊一起进行排名!《中国光学(中英文)》作为ESCI期刊将与全球SCI期刊共同排名!