留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

3D打印激光制备多孔镍合金组织和力学性能研究

张敏 刘畅 任博 严凯 陈长军 王晓南

张敏, 刘畅, 任博, 严凯, 陈长军, 王晓南. 3D打印激光制备多孔镍合金组织和力学性能研究[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2016, 9(3): 335-341. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160903.0335
引用本文: 张敏, 刘畅, 任博, 严凯, 陈长军, 王晓南. 3D打印激光制备多孔镍合金组织和力学性能研究[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2016, 9(3): 335-341. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160903.0335
ZHANG Min, LIU Chang, REN Bo, YAN Kai, CHEN Chang-jun, WANG Xiao-nan. Microstructure and mechanical properties of porous Ni alloy fabricated by laser 3D printing[J]. Chinese Optics, 2016, 9(3): 335-341. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160903.0335
Citation: ZHANG Min, LIU Chang, REN Bo, YAN Kai, CHEN Chang-jun, WANG Xiao-nan. Microstructure and mechanical properties of porous Ni alloy fabricated by laser 3D printing[J]. Chinese Optics, 2016, 9(3): 335-341. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160903.0335

3D打印激光制备多孔镍合金组织和力学性能研究

doi: 10.3788/CO.20160903.0335
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金资助项目 No.51104110

苏州市科技基础研究计划资助项目 No.SYG201231

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张敏(1978-),女,辽宁辽阳人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,2001年、2004年和2007年于东北大学分别获得学士、硕士、博士学位,主要从事多孔材料制备与金属激光加工方面的研究。E-mail:mzhang@aliyun.com

    通讯作者:

    陈长军(1976—),男,湖北随州人,博士,教授,硕士生导师,2000年于东北大学获得学士学位,2006年于中科院金属研究所获得博士学位,主要从事激光制造与再制造方面的研究。E-mail:chenchangjun@suda.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TG456.7

Microstructure and mechanical properties of porous Ni alloy fabricated by laser 3D printing

Funds: 

Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China No.51104110

Suzhou City Basic Research Program of Science and Technology Project of China No.SYG201231

  • 摘要: 采用3D打印激光熔化技术制备了多孔镍基合金,并对其显微组织构成和压缩力学性能进行了分析。研究结果表明,采用3D打印激光熔化技术制备的多孔镍合金,孔隙率为14.68%~18.97%、抗压强度为461~535 MPa,其微观组织主要呈现γ-Ni枝晶,压缩断口为撕裂式枝晶断裂。

     

  • 图 1  镍铬合金粉末SEM照片

    Figure 1.  SEM photo of Ni-Cr alloy powder

    图 2  激光加工截面示意图

    Figure 2.  Schematic section diagram of porous Ni alloy by laser processing

    图 3  多孔镍合金实物图

    Figure 3.  Picture of porous Ni alloy

    图 4  激光扫描多孔镍合金表面形貌特征

    Figure 4.  Microstructure photos of sample surface of porous Ni alloy prepared by laser 3D printing

    图 5  多孔镍合金的应力应变曲线

    Figure 5.  Stress-strain curves of porous Ni alloy

    图 6  压缩断口SEM照片

    Figure 6.  SEM photos of compression fracture

    表  1  镍基合金粉末的成分

    Table  1.   Composition of Ni-based alloy powder

    CCrBSiNi
    0.154.51.02.6Balance
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同功率参数多孔镍合金的平均孔径和孔隙率

    Table  2.   Average pore size and porosity of porous nickel alloy in different laser powers

    功率参数/W平均孔径/mm孔隙率/%
    1000.4014.68
    1100.4218.96
    1200.5018.97
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] CHEN L J,LIN C J,CHENG X,et al. A study on the deformation of porous nickel oxide cathode materials in MCFC[J]. Solid State Ionics,2002,148(3/4):539-544.
    [2] VAN B S,CHAI Y C,TRUSCELLO S,et al. The effect of pore geometry on the in vitro biological behavior of human periosteum-derived cells seeded on selective laser melted Ti6Al4V bone scaffolds[J]. Acta Biomaterialia,2012,8(7):2824-2834.
    [3] SHEN Y F,GU D D,WU P,et al. Development of porous 316L stainless steel with controllable microcellular features using selective laser melting[J]. Materials Science and Technology,2008,24(12):1501-1505.
    [4] 于秀平,沈以赴,顾冬冬.激光烧结法制备原位增强型多孔镍基复合材料[J].稀有金属与硬质合金,2009,37(4):11-14.

    YU X P,SHEN Y F,GU D D. Preparation of in-situ reinforced porous nickel-based composites by laser sintering[J]. Rare Metals and Cemented Carbides,2009,37(4):11-14.(in Chinese)
    [5] 陈长军,张超,王晓南,等.生物医用多孔钽制备工艺研究进展[J].热加工工艺,2014,43(4):5-8.

    CHEN CH J,ZHANG CH,WANG X N,et al. Research and development of preparation technology of biomedical porous tantalum[J]. Hot Working Technology,2014,43(4):5-8(in Chinese)
    [6] 陈长军,张敏,王晓南.一种生物体用多孔镁合金的激光制备方法.中国,ZL201310196065[P].2015-02-18.

    CHEN CH J,ZHANG M,WANG X N. the Fabrication of a kind of biological porous magnesium,China:ZL201310196065[P].2015-02-18.(in Chinese)
    [7] 李洋,王晓南,陈长军,等.选区激光熔化技术制备生物医用316L多孔不锈钢的工艺及性能研究[C].第十一届全国激光加工学会,中国,贵州,21~24,8,2014:127.

    LI Y,WANG X N,CHEN CH J,et al. Study on the process and properties of biomedical 316l porous stainless steel prepared by selective laser melting technique[C]. The 11th National Conference on Laser Processing(NCLP),Guizhou,China,August 21-24,2014:127.(in Chinese)
    [8] 王俊伟, 陈静, 刘彦红,等.激光立体成形TC17钛合金组织研究[J].中国激光,2010,37(3):847-851.

    WANG J W,CHEN J,LIU Y H,et al. Research on microstructure of TC17 titanium alloy fabricated by laser forming[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2010,37(3):847-851.(in Chinese)
    [9] 杨海鸥, 林鑫, 陈静,等.利用激光快速成形技术制造高温合金不锈钢梯度材料[J].中国激光,2005,32(4):567-570.

    YANG H O,LIN X,CHEN J,et al. Functionally gradient materials prepared with laser rapid forming[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2005,32(4):567-570.(in Chinese)
    [10] 吴伟辉,杨永强.选区激光熔化快速成形系统的关键技术[J].机械工程学报,2007,43(8):175-180.

    WU W H,YANG Y Q. Key techniques of selective laser melting rapid prototyping system[J]. Chinese J. Mechanical Engineering,2007,43(8):175-180.(in Chinese)
    [11] 陆莹,赵吉斌,乔红超.TiAl合金激光冲击强化工艺探索及强化机制研究[J].中国激光,2014,41(10):1003013.

    LU Y,ZHAO J B,QIAO H CH. Investigation of technical and strengthening mechanism research of TiAl alloy by laser shock peening[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2014,41(10):1003013.(in Chinese)
    [12] 李洋,陈长军,王晓南,等.选区激光熔化技术制备316L多孔不锈钢工艺及性能研究[J].应用激光,2015,35(3):319-323.

    LI Y,CHEN CH J,WANG X N,et al. Study on the process and properties of biomedical 316L porous stainless steel prepared by selective laser melting technique[J]. Applied Laser,2015,35(3):319-323.(in Chinese)
    [13] 张冬云.采用区域选择激光熔化法制造铝合金模型[J].中国激光,2007,34(12):1700-170.

    ZHANG D Y. Model manufacturing process from aluminum alloys using selective laser melting[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2007,34(12):1700-170.(in Chinese)
    [14] 张骁丽,齐欢,魏青松.铝合金粉末选择性激光熔化成形工艺优化试验研究[J].应用激光,2013,33(4):391-192.

    ZHANG Y L,QI H,WEI Q S. Experimental study of selective laser melted AlSi12[J]. Applied Laser,2013,33(4):391-192.(in Chinese)
    [15] 曹宇鹏,冯爱新,薛伟,等.激光冲击波诱导2024铝合金表面动态应变特性试验研究及理论分析[J].中国激光,2014,41(9):0903004.

    CAO Y P,FENG A X,XUE W,et al. Experimental research and theoretical study of laser shock wave induced dynamic strain on 2024 aluminum alloy surface[J]. Chinese J. Lasers,2014,41(9):0903004.(in Chinese)
    [16] 张金山.金属液态成性原理[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2011:138-142.

    ZHANG J SH. The Principle of Liquid Metal[M]. Beijing:Chemical industry Press,2011:138-142.(in Chinese)
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1241
  • HTML全文浏览量:  232
  • PDF下载量:  878
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-29
  • 修回日期:  2016-02-26
  • 刊出日期:  2016-01-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回