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国外地球同步轨道目标天基光学监视策略

牛照东 汪琳 段宇 潘嘉蒙 陈曾平

牛照东, 汪琳, 段宇, 潘嘉蒙, 陈曾平. 国外地球同步轨道目标天基光学监视策略[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2017, 10(3): 310-320. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0310
引用本文: 牛照东, 汪琳, 段宇, 潘嘉蒙, 陈曾平. 国外地球同步轨道目标天基光学监视策略[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2017, 10(3): 310-320. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0310
NIU Zhao-dong, WANG Lin, DUAN Yu, PAN Jia-meng, CHEN Zeng-ping. Review of foreign space-based optical surveillance strategies for GEO objects[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(3): 310-320. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0310
Citation: NIU Zhao-dong, WANG Lin, DUAN Yu, PAN Jia-meng, CHEN Zeng-ping. Review of foreign space-based optical surveillance strategies for GEO objects[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(3): 310-320. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0310

国外地球同步轨道目标天基光学监视策略

doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0310
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金资助项目 61605243

详细信息
    作者简介:

    牛照东(1982-), 男, 山东邹城人, 博士, 副研究员, 2004年、2010年于国防科技大学分别获得硕士、博士学位, 主要从事光学图像自动目标识别和空间目标探测信息处理方面的研究。E-mail:niuzd@nudt.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    牛照东, E-mail:niuzd@nudt.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P171.3

Review of foreign space-based optical surveillance strategies for GEO objects

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61605243

  • 摘要: 空间目标观测策略是决定天基光学监视系统性能的关键因素之一,本文对国外已服役和在研的GEO目标天基光学监视系统及其观测策略进行了讨论。首先,概述了GEO目标天基光学监视技术的发展历程;然后,简要分析了GEO目标的轨道特性,并在此基础上讨论了主流的GEO目标监视策略;最后,针对近年来呈现出的监视系统小型化和自主运行的发展趋势,对SBO载荷与3U CubeSat星座的目标监视性能进行了仿真评估。实验结果表明:SBO载荷和CubeSat卫星均可探测1 m直径的GEO目标,单颗SBO载荷探测GEO目标比例大于51%,观测弧长和重访周期分别约1.2°和1.5天,CubeSat星座则可探测超过90%的GEO目标,平均观测弧长和重访周期分别大于67.1°和小于0.4天。由此可见微小卫星通过组网能实现对GEO目标的独立自主监视。

     

  • 图 1  SBV传感器

    Figure 1.  SBV sensor

    图 2  SBSS Block 10空间监视卫星

    Figure 2.  SBSS Block 10 space surveillance satellite

    图 3  Sapphire小型空间监视卫星图

    Figure 3.  Sapphire space surveillance minisatellite

    图 4  NEOSSat微型空间监视验证卫星

    Figure 4.  NEOSSat space surveillance demonstration microsatellite

    图 5  SBO载荷望远镜图

    Figure 5.  Telescope of the SBO payload

    图 6  3U CubeSat卫星示意图

    Figure 6.  3U CubeSat concept design

    图 7  GEO目标轨道半长轴和偏心率分布情况

    Figure 7.  Semi major axis and eccentricity distribution of GEO objects

    图 8  GEO目标轨道倾角和升交点赤经演变规律

    Figure 8.  Inclination and RAAN evolution rule of GEO objects

    图 9  GEO目标轨迹汇聚的收缩点区域[8]

    Figure 9.  Pinch-point region with a high concentration of GEO objects[8]

    图 10  SBV载荷“收缩点”搜索模式示意图[8]

    Figure 10.  Pinch-point searching mode of the SBV payload[8]

    图 11  SBO望远镜覆盖的地球同步轨道带区域

    Figure 11.  Covered region in the GEO belt from the SBO telescope

    图 12  3U CubeSat星座结构和GEO目标监视场景

    Figure 12.  3U CubeSat constellation architecture and GEO objects surveillance scenario

    图 13  SBO观测GEO目标的距离和角速度分布

    Figure 13.  Distance and angular velocity distribution of GEO objects detected by the SBO sensor

    图 14  不同星等GEO目标成像SNR随天光背景星等变化

    Figure 14.  SNR of GEO object with different visual magnitude as function of sky background brightness

    图 15  不同太阳相位角时SBO探测目标直径随观测距离变化

    Figure 15.  Diamater of spherical object detected by the SBO sensor under different phase angle as function of distance

    图 16  不同观测距离下3U CubeSat卫星载荷探测目标直径

    Figure 16.  Diamater of spherical object detected by the 3U CubeSat as function of distance

    图 17  SBO载荷与CubeSat星座对GEO目标观测弧长和重访周期

    Figure 17.  Covered arc length and reacquisition period of GEO objects detected by the SBO payload and the CubeSat constellation

    表  1  SBO载荷与CubeSat星座覆盖和探测GEO目标的数量

    Table  1.   Numbers of GEO objects covered and detected by the SBO payload and the CubeSat constellation

    GEO目标覆盖与探测数量春分五日夏至五日秋分五日冬至五日
    SBO载荷覆盖1 128(98.1%)1 142(99.3%)1 130(98.3%)674(58.6%)
    探测1 023(89.0%)1 037(90.2%)1 029(89.5%)587(51.0%)
    CubeSat星座覆盖1 118(97.2%)1 118(97.2%)1 118(97.2%)1 118(97.2%)
    探测1 045(90.9%)1 038(90.3%)1 045(90.9%)1 044(90.8%)
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-01-09
  • 修回日期:  2017-02-28
  • 刊出日期:  2017-06-01

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