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高功率激光装备小型化轻量化技术

安海霞 邓坤 闭治跃

安海霞, 邓坤, 闭治跃. 高功率激光装备小型化轻量化技术[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2017, 10(3): 321-330. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0321
引用本文: 安海霞, 邓坤, 闭治跃. 高功率激光装备小型化轻量化技术[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2017, 10(3): 321-330. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0321
AN Hai-xia, DENG Kun, BI Zhi-yue. Miniaturization and lightweight technology of high-power laser equipment[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(3): 321-330. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0321
Citation: AN Hai-xia, DENG Kun, BI Zhi-yue. Miniaturization and lightweight technology of high-power laser equipment[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(3): 321-330. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0321

高功率激光装备小型化轻量化技术

doi: 10.3788/CO.20171003.0321
详细信息
    作者简介:

    安海霞(1989-), 女, 甘肃临夏人, 硕士, 助理工程师, 主要从事光机结构设计等方面的研究。E-mail:ahxbuaa@126.com

    邓坤(1987—),男,四川南充人,硕士,助理工程师,主要从事系统总体设计等方面的研究。E-mail:414dengk@caep.cn

    通讯作者:

    邓坤, E-mail:414dengk@caep.cn

  • 中图分类号: TH745

Miniaturization and lightweight technology of high-power laser equipment

  • 摘要: 自激光器问世以来,激光在各领域的需求和应用非常广泛,而随着高功率激光装备输出功率不断提高,重量与体积已成为制约高功率激光装备应用与发展的关键问题之一。由于当前高功率激光装备仍将提高输出功率作为其发展目标,加之高功率激光装备结构功能复杂、能量转换效率低等特点,制约了高功率激光装备小型化、轻量化的实现。本文在介绍高功率激光装备的特点及其小型化、轻量化技术约束的基础上,综述了装备常用小型化、轻量化技术应用、新型高功率激光技术应用、提高能量转换效率及散热效率等高功率激光装备小型化、轻量化实现途径,以及各种技术途径在高功率激光装备中已有的应用。根据高功率激光装备现状及特点,其在小型化、轻量化方面具有很大的发展空间及应用前景。

     

  • 图 1  高功率激光装备系统构成

    Figure 1.  Components of a high-power laser equipment system

    图 2  机载激光武器系统

    Figure 2.  Airborne laser weapon system

    图 3  机载激光武器激光发射系统

    Figure 3.  Emission system of the airborne laser weapon system

    图 4  激光器系统原理图

    Figure 4.  Schematic diagram of the lasers

    图 5  环形通道式激光器主机

    Figure 5.  Host of laser with cylindrical structure

    图 6  高能激光系统(HEL)

    Figure 6.  High Energy Laser (HEL)

    图 7  高能激光机动演示器(HELMD)

    Figure 7.  High Energy Laser Mobile Demonstrator (HELMD)

    图 8  高能液体激光器

    Figure 8.  High energy liquid-state laser

    图 9  150 kW激光集成样机

    Figure 9.  150 kW integrated laser prototype

    图 10  75 kW激光模块

    Figure 10.  75 kW laser module

    图 11  抽运模块结构图

    Figure 11.  Structure of pumping module

    表  1  舰载激光系统固体激光器参数

    Table  1.   Parameters of solid-state lasers for shipboard laser system

    系统名称激光器类型转换效率/%输出功率/kW
    MLD板条固体激光器20~25105
    LaWs光纤固体激光器2532.4
    MK38-TLS光纤固体激光器3010
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-01-11
  • 修回日期:  2017-03-13
  • 刊出日期:  2017-06-01

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