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半导体超晶格声子激光器的研究进展

董立超 田思聪 王涛 卢泽丰 汪丽杰 舒世立 秦莉 佟存柱 王立军

董立超, 田思聪, 王涛, 卢泽丰, 汪丽杰, 舒世立, 秦莉, 佟存柱, 王立军. 半导体超晶格声子激光器的研究进展[J]. 中国光学, 2017, 10(4): 415-425. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171004.0415
引用本文: 董立超, 田思聪, 王涛, 卢泽丰, 汪丽杰, 舒世立, 秦莉, 佟存柱, 王立军. 半导体超晶格声子激光器的研究进展[J]. 中国光学, 2017, 10(4): 415-425. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171004.0415
DONG Li-chao, TIAN Si-cong, WANG Tao, LU Ze-feng, WANG Li-jie, SHU Shi-li, QIN Li, TONG Cun-zhu, WANG Li-jun. Progress of semiconductor superlattice phonon laser[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(4): 415-425. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171004.0415
Citation: DONG Li-chao, TIAN Si-cong, WANG Tao, LU Ze-feng, WANG Li-jie, SHU Shi-li, QIN Li, TONG Cun-zhu, WANG Li-jun. Progress of semiconductor superlattice phonon laser[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(4): 415-425. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171004.0415

半导体超晶格声子激光器的研究进展

doi: 10.3788/CO.20171004.0415
基金项目: 

国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目 2013CB933300

详细信息
    作者简介:

    董立超(1991-), 男, 吉林舒兰人, 硕士研究生, 2014年于吉林大学获得学士学位, 主要从事半导体激光器方面的研究。E-mail:960628746@qq.com

    田思聪(1984-), 男, 吉林长春人, 副研究员, 硕士生导师, 2012年于吉林大学获得博士学位, 主要从事量子光学和微纳光电器件方面的研究

    通讯作者:

    田思聪, E-mail:tiansicong@ciomp.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TN248

Progress of semiconductor superlattice phonon laser

Funds: 

National Program on Key Basic Research Projects of China 2013CB933300

More Information
  • 摘要: 太赫兹频率的相干声子在纳米尺度器件的探测和操控领域具有重要的应用价值。半导体超晶格声子激光器是实现太赫兹频率相干声子源稳定输出的重要途径。本文首先回顾了GHz到THz频率范围声学放大的多种方法,然后详细阐述了超晶格声子放大、超晶格声学布拉格镜的工作原理与设计方法以及声子激光器的阈值条件,同时总结了电抽运和光抽运结构器件的研究现状,最后简要讨论了亚太赫兹声子激光器在声-电子领域的应用。分析表明,这种能够产生强相干太赫兹声子的半导体超晶格声子激光器在纳米尺度器件的探测与成像等方面具有广阔的发展前景。
  • 图  1  GaAs/AlAs超晶格示意图; (b)零偏压下的电学能带结构示意图; (c)施加电场E后的能带结构示意图[33]

    Figure  1.  (a) Schematic diagram of GaAs/AlAs superlattice; (b) Schematic diagram of electronic band structure with zero applied bias; (c) Schematic diagram of band structure under applied bias electric field E

    图  2  具有N个周期的周期性超晶格示意图[37]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of periodic superlattice with N cycles

    图  3  50周期GaAs/AlAs超晶格中折叠的声子色散[39]

    Figure  3.  Folded phonon dispersion for a 50-cycle GaAs/AlAs superlattice

    图  4  (a)抽运-探测实验设置及(b)光抽运声子激光器样品的电结构示意图[53]

    Figure  4.  (a) Experiment arrangement for pump-probe measurement and (b) schematic diagram of optical pumped phonon laser sample

    图  5  抽运-探测实验信号(插图中展示了440 GHz的声子振荡和傅里叶谱[53])

    Figure  5.  Signal of pump-probe measurement (440 GHz phonon oscillations and Fourier spectrum are shown in the insets)

    图  6  在零偏压时(虚线)和有偏压诱导时(实线)的傅里叶谱[53]

    Figure  6.  Fourier spectrum at zero bias (dashed line) and bias-induced signal (solid line)

    图  7  电抽运声子激光器的结构[39]

    Figure  7.  Structure diagram of an electrical pumped phonon laser

    图  8  (a) θ=0°时测辐射热计的声子信号; (b)声子激光器的微分电导与斯塔克位移间的关系[39]

    Figure  8.  (a) Phonon signal of bolometers at θ=0°; (b) Differential conductance of phonon laser as a function of Stark shift

    图  9  垂直腔面发射声子激光器的示意图[33]

    Figure  9.  Schematic diagram of vertical cavity surface-emitting phonon laser

    图  10  2个测辐射热计上信号与抽运电压间的关系[33]

    Figure  10.  Time-integrated signal as a function of electrical pump voltage for two bolometers

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