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基于点光源和球面光源的集鱼灯照度模型比较研究

花传祥 李非 朱清澄 孙栋 田中旭

花传祥, 李非, 朱清澄, 孙栋, 田中旭. 基于点光源和球面光源的集鱼灯照度模型比较研究[J]. 中国光学, 2019, 12(2): 274-288. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191202.0274
引用本文: 花传祥, 李非, 朱清澄, 孙栋, 田中旭. 基于点光源和球面光源的集鱼灯照度模型比较研究[J]. 中国光学, 2019, 12(2): 274-288. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191202.0274
HUA Chuan-xiang, LI Fei, ZHU Qing-cheng, SUN Dong, TIAN Zhong-xu. Comparative study on the illumination model of fishing lamps based on point light sources and spherical light sources[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(2): 274-288. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191202.0274
Citation: HUA Chuan-xiang, LI Fei, ZHU Qing-cheng, SUN Dong, TIAN Zhong-xu. Comparative study on the illumination model of fishing lamps based on point light sources and spherical light sources[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(2): 274-288. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191202.0274

基于点光源和球面光源的集鱼灯照度模型比较研究

doi: 10.3788/CO.20191202.0274
基金项目: 

国家科技支撑计划课题"大洋性渔业捕捞技术与新资源开发" 2013BAD13B05

详细信息
    作者简介:

    花传祥(1982-), 男, 江苏东台人, 工程师, 主要从事远洋渔业系统集成方面的研究。E-mail:cxhua@shou.edu.cn

    朱清澄(1960-), 男, 山东寿光人, 教授, 主要从事渔具渔法及远洋渔业管理方面的研究。E-mail:qczhu@shou.edu.cn

Comparative study on the illumination model of fishing lamps based on point light sources and spherical light sources

Funds: 

National Science and Technology Program Project:High Seas Fishing Technology and New Resources Development 2013BAD13B05

More Information
  • 摘要: 集鱼灯是秋刀鱼等光诱渔业中重要的助渔装备,本文以秋刀鱼集鱼灯为例,分别基于点光源法和球面光源法建立了单灯箱理论照度模型。比较平面照度的理论值和实测值发现,基于球面光源法计算的理论值和实测值间线性拟合斜率系数较点光源法更接近于1。基于球面光源法计算的理论值与实测值间无显著差异(P>0.05),而由点光源法计算的理论值与实测值间存在显著性差异(P < 0.05),说明基于球面光源法建立的照度模型更加符合实际情况。根据球面光源模型分别计算了白、红单灯箱在45°、60°、75°倾角下的照度分布,结果发现照度值均随距离增加呈先增大后减小趋势;同倾角不同灯色间照度分布差别较大,相同位置处白灯箱照度明显高于红灯箱;同灯色不同倾角间照度分布差别较小;随倾角增加,最大照度值位置到原点距离逐渐减小;照度衰减速率的绝对值随距离增加呈现先减小后增大再减小的趋势,最终趋近于0。
  • 图  1  灯箱内灯泡布局及外形

    Figure  1.  Layout and shape of bulb in the light box

    图  2  白灯和红灯配光曲线

    Figure  2.  Light distribution curves of white and red light bulbs

    图  3  单灯箱对地面任意Q点照度计算

    Figure  3.  Illuminance calculation of single light box to any point Q on the ground

    图  4  照度实验场地

    Figure  4.  Illumination test site

    图  5  灯箱内同排任意相邻2灯泡球心位置关系

    Figure  5.  Positional relationship of any adjacent two bulbs in the same row in the light box

    图  6  球面上微元P及有效发光区域

    Figure  6.  Micro-element P and effectively lighting area on spherical surface

    图  7  白、红灯箱在不同倾角下点光源法和球面光源法的理论值与实测值比较

    Figure  7.  Comparison of theoretical and measured values between point light source method and spherical light source method for white and red light boxes at different angles

    图  8  白、红灯箱在60°倾角下各实验站位对应点光源法和球面光源法理论值与实测值比较

    Figure  8.  Comparison of theoretical and measured values obtained by the point source method and spherical light source method on each measuring station for white and red light boxes at 60° angle

    图  9  白、红灯箱在不同倾角下地面照度分布及y=0 m、y=-10 m处照度随距离变化(依次对应曲线m、n)

    Figure  9.  Illuminance distribution of white and red light boxes at different inclination angles and illuminances vary with distance at y=0 m, y=-10 m(corresponding to curve m and n in turn)

    图  10  白、红灯箱在不同倾角下y=0 m处照度随距离变化情况

    Figure  10.  Variation of illuminance with distance at y=0 m for white and red light boxes at different angles

    图  11  白、红灯箱在不同倾角下y=0 m处照度衰减率随距离变化

    Figure  11.  Variation of illumination attenuation with distance at y=0 m for white and red light boxes at different angles

    表  1  白、红灯箱内白灯泡和红灯泡实际功率及发光效率情况

    Table  1.   Actual powers and luminous efficiencies of white and red bulbs in white and red light boxes

    白灯泡 红灯泡
    实际功率/W 发光效率/(lm·W-1) 实际功率/W 发光效率/(lm·W-1)
    最小值 437.85 11.91 491.35 1.35
    最大值 455.75 12.39 511.45 1.41
    平均值 446.8 12.15 501.4 1.38
    标准差 4.59 0.14 4.88 0.02
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  白、红灯箱在不同倾角下点光源和球面光源模型理论值与实测值间方差检验

    Table  2.   Variance test of theoretical and measured values between point light source and spherical light source for white and red light box at different angles

    点光源法 球面光源法
    45° 60° 75° 45° 60° 75°
    白灯箱 F 65.522a 67.024 a 15.540 a 0.740 b 0.539 b 0.001 b
    P 4.923×10-15 2.500×10-5 0.000 2 0.390 0.463 0.972
    红灯箱 F 39.064 a 37.010 a 8.725 a 1.165 b 2.526 b 1.073 b
    P 9.148×10-10 2.424×10-9 0.004 0.281 0.113 0.302
    注:显著水平为0.05时, F(α=0.05)=3.926. F值上标a表示理论值与实测值存在显著性差异(P < 0.05), b表示二者间无显著性差异(P > 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  白、红灯箱在不同倾角下实测值与点光源和球面光源模型理论值均值及标准差(x±SD)比较

    Table  3.   Comparison of mean value and standard deviation (x±SD) among measured value and theoretical value obtained by point light source and spherical light source models for white and red light boxes at different angles

    白灯箱照度值/lx 红灯箱照度值/lx
    45° 60° 75° 45° 60° 75°
    MV 221.00±208.02 215.27±196.97 193.30±172.52 23.85±24.32 22.60±22.04 21.12±19.09
    PV 102.47±86.86 100.92±87.36 96.81± 85.88 13.02±11.07 12.86±11.13 12.51±10.97
    SV 205.83±174.71 202.71±175.71 194.44±172.74 26.15±22.26 25.84±22.40 25.12±22.06
    注:第1列中MV表示实测值, PV表示点光源法理论值, SV表示球面光源法理论值.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-09-21
  • 修回日期:  2018-11-10
  • 刊出日期:  2019-04-01

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