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星载海洋激光雷达最佳工作波长分析

刘群 刘崇 朱小磊 周雨迪 乐成峰 白剑 贺岩 毕德仓 刘东

刘群, 刘崇, 朱小磊, 周雨迪, 乐成峰, 白剑, 贺岩, 毕德仓, 刘东. 星载海洋激光雷达最佳工作波长分析[J]. 中国光学, 2020, 13(1): 148-155. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201301.0148
引用本文: 刘群, 刘崇, 朱小磊, 周雨迪, 乐成峰, 白剑, 贺岩, 毕德仓, 刘东. 星载海洋激光雷达最佳工作波长分析[J]. 中国光学, 2020, 13(1): 148-155. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201301.0148
LIU Qun, LIU Chong, ZHU Xiao-lei, ZHOU Yu-di, LE Cheng-feng, BAI Jian, HE Yan, BI De-cang, LIU Dong. Analysis of the optimal operating wavelength of spaceborne oceanic lidar[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(1): 148-155. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201301.0148
Citation: LIU Qun, LIU Chong, ZHU Xiao-lei, ZHOU Yu-di, LE Cheng-feng, BAI Jian, HE Yan, BI De-cang, LIU Dong. Analysis of the optimal operating wavelength of spaceborne oceanic lidar[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(1): 148-155. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201301.0148

星载海洋激光雷达最佳工作波长分析

doi: 10.3788/CO.20201301.0148
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划 No.2016YFC1400900

国家自然科学基金 No.41775023

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘群(1991-), 女, 山东济南人, 博士研究生, 2015年于浙江大学获得学士学位, 主要从事星载海洋激光雷达方面的研究E-mail:3110101383@zju.edu.cn

    刘崇(1978—),男,河南南阳人,博士,教授,2000年,2007年于浙江大学分别获得学士、博士学位,主要从事固体激光技术、激光雷达和光学检测等方面的研究。E-mail: chongliu78@ hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: TN958.98

Analysis of the optimal operating wavelength of spaceborne oceanic lidar

Funds: 

Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China No.2016YFC1400900

National Natural Science Foundation of China No.41775023

More Information
  • 摘要: 星载激光雷达是实现海洋垂直剖面探测的有效工具,也是目前迫切需求的海洋光学遥感手段。对星载海洋激光雷达的波长参数进行评估对保证探测有效性具有重要意义。本文从探测深度和信噪比两方面分析了星载海洋激光雷达探测全球海洋的最佳波长。利用MODIS 10个波段的水体光学特性数据,估算全球海水探测深度及相应的最优波长;并根据太阳夫琅禾费暗线特性,对信号信噪比进行优化。结果表明:在探测深度方面,最优探测波长在488 nm波段的海洋占全球海洋面积的70%左右,并且全球95%以上的海域在488 nm波段的探测深度优于0.8倍的真光层深度;在信噪比方面,相对于488 nm波段,486.134 nm夫琅禾费暗线处采用0.1 nm带宽的滤光片可以将背景光强度降低70%,相应地回波信噪比整体提升了约5.0%。就全球海洋探测来说,使用486.134 nm作为探测波长可以提高探测深度,有效抑制太阳背景光,提高信噪比,因此,486.134 nm是星载海洋激光雷达的最佳工作波长。
  • 图  1  星载激光雷达海洋探测深度(a)和所对应的最佳探测波长的全球分布(b)

    Figure  1.  (a) Ocean detection depth of spaceborne lidar and (b) global distribution of corresponding optimal operating wavelengths

    图  2  年平均海洋真光层深度的全球分布

    Figure  2.  Global distribution of the annual mean ocean euphotic depth

    图  3  (a) 488 nm波段和(b) 531 nm波段探测深度与真光层深度之比

    Figure  3.  The statistical distribution of (a) Zmax@488 nm/Zeu and (b) Zmax@531 nm/Zeu

    图  4  H-β夫琅禾费暗线附近的归一化太阳光谱强度

    Figure  4.  Normalized intensity of solar spectrum near the H-β Fraunhofer line

    图  5  太阳背景光抑制比R与滤光片带宽Δλ之间的关系

    Figure  5.  Relationship between the bandwidth Δλ of filter and suppression ratio R of solar background light

    图  6  不同噪声水平下3种典型水体的信噪比和深度之间的关系

    Figure  6.  Relationship between SNR and depth of three typical types of seawater at two different noise levels

    表  1  星载海洋激光雷达系统参数[11, 20]

    Table  1.   Parameters of spaceborne oceanic lidar system[11, 20]

    参数
    卫星高度H/km 400
    单脉冲激光能量E0/J 1.3
    采样频率f/MHz 200
    望远镜口径D/m 1.5
    接收视场角FOV/mard 0.15
    滤光片带宽Δλ/nm 0.1
    海水折射率n 1.33
    探测器量子效率η 0.5
    光学系统透过率k 0.9
    海面透过率Ts 0.98
    大气透过率Ta 0.6
    太阳光谱辐亮度Ib 1.4 W·m-2·nm-1·sr-1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  3种典型海水的光学特性参数[21-22]

    Table  2.   Optical properties of three typical types of seawater[21-22]

    海水类型 光学特性参数
    a
    (m-1)
    b
    (m-1)
    βπ
    (m-1 ·sr-1)
    bb
    (m-1 ·sr-1)
    清洁大洋 0.114 0.037 0.870 8 0.001 63
    近岸水体 0.179 0.219 0.947 0 0.002 85
    浑浊海港 0.366 1.824 0.919 9 0.036 48
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-03-26
  • 修回日期:  2019-04-30
  • 刊出日期:  2020-02-01

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