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Coplanar excitation of terahertz spoof surface plasmon and high-Q sensing

YAN De-xian CHENG Gang LI Er-ping LI Xiang-jun ZHANG Xue-ru WU Yi-lin

严德贤, 程钢, 李尔平, 李向军, 章雪茹, 吴依琳. 太赫兹人工表面等离子体共面激发与高Q传感[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(4): 933-947. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0204
引用本文: 严德贤, 程钢, 李尔平, 李向军, 章雪茹, 吴依琳. 太赫兹人工表面等离子体共面激发与高Q传感[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(4): 933-947. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0204
YAN De-xian, CHENG Gang, LI Er-ping, LI Xiang-jun, ZHANG Xue-ru, WU Yi-lin. Coplanar excitation of terahertz spoof surface plasmon and high-Q sensing[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(4): 933-947. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0204
Citation: YAN De-xian, CHENG Gang, LI Er-ping, LI Xiang-jun, ZHANG Xue-ru, WU Yi-lin. Coplanar excitation of terahertz spoof surface plasmon and high-Q sensing[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(4): 933-947. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0204

太赫兹人工表面等离子体共面激发与高Q传感

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: TP394.1; TH691.9

Coplanar excitation of terahertz spoof surface plasmon and high-Q sensing

doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0204
Funds: Supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2021YFF0600300); National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 62001444); Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (No. LQ20F010009)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    YAN De-xian (1991—), male, born in Wuwei, Gansu Province, Ph.D. and Associate Professor. He received the Ph.D. degree from Tianjin University in 2018. He is mainly engaged in terahertz microwave technology and devices. E-mail: yandexian1991@163.com

    LI Er-ping (1962—), male, born in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, Ph.D. and Professor, Seek-truth Chair professor of Zhejiang University, IEEE Fellow and National Distinguished Expert. He received his Ph.D. degree in electronics and information engineering from the University of Sheffield, UK, in 1991. Now he is mainly engaged in electromagnetics, 5G communication and chip electromagnetic compatibility, plasma nanophotonics, etc. E-mail: liep@zju.edu.cn

    LI Xiang-jun (1976—), male, born in Changzhi, Shanxi Province, Ph.D. and Associate Professor. He obtained his doctoral degree from Zhejiang University in 2011 and is mainly engaged in research on terahertz devices. E-mail: xiangjun_li@cjlu.edu.cn

    Corresponding author: liep@zju.edu.cn
  • 摘要:

    本文提出使用单层光栅超表面结构耦合的方式实现太赫兹人工表面等离子体激元(SSP)共面激发,克服了通过介质耦合器在实际应用时需要反射测量等缺点。在单层金属结构上同时构造周期性光栅和太赫兹SSP复合结构,当太赫兹波垂直入射时,可实现光栅波矢和SSP波矢相匹配,激发SSP模式,在透射谱中可以产生高Q值谐振峰,其Q因子可以达到1923。分析了结构参数对光栅耦合超表面透射谱以及色散特性的影响。基于该结构透射谱中的高Q谐振峰进行传感研究,在谐振中心频率为0.22 THz时,实现传感灵敏度为67 GHz/RIU。本文所提出的光栅耦合超表面复合结构仅使用单层超表面结构实现了太赫兹SSP模式的激发以及高Q传感,在诸多实际应用领域具有较大的研究潜力。

     

  • 图 1  基于光栅耦合实现太赫兹SSP的超表面结构。(a)光栅耦合SSP超表面结构图;(b)超表面单元结构示意图

    Figure 1.  The meta-surface structure of the terahertz SSP based on grating coupling. (a) Schematic diagram of the grating-coupled SSP meta-surface structure; (b) schematic diagram of unit cell structure of the meta-surface

    图 2  超表面结构及透射性能。(a)等效光栅耦合器结构示意图;(b)金属棒单元结构示意图;(c)不同结构参数a对应的透射谱;(d)结构参数a不同时对应的光栅及金属棒的色散关系

    Figure 2.  The meta-surface structure and transmission properties. (a) Schematic diagram of the equivalent grating coupler; (b) schematic diagram of the metal bar unit; (c) transmission spectra corresponding to different a; (d) dispersion characteristics of the grating and metal bar with different a

    图 3  不同结构参数对光栅耦合超表面结构透射特性的影响。(a)参数a不同时的透射谱;(b)参数b不同时的透射谱;(c)参数ab同时变化时的透射谱;(d)参数d不同时的透射谱

    Figure 3.  Effects of different structural parameters on the transmission spectrum of grating-coupled meta-surface structures. (a) Transmission spectra with different a; (b) transmission spectra with different b; (c) transmission spectra with the simultaneous variation of a and b; (d) transmission spectra with different d

    图 4  结构参数对周期性金属结构色散特性的影响结果。(a)参数a不同时的色散特性;(b)参数b不同时的色散特性;(c)参数ab同时变化时的色散特性;(d)参数d不同时的色散特性

    Figure 4.  Effects of structural parameters on the dispersion characteristics of periodic metal structures. (a) Dispersion characteristics with different a; (b) dispersion characteristics with different b; (c) dispersion characteristics with the simultaneous variation of a and b; (d) dispersion characteristics with different d

    图 5  (a)光栅耦合超表面结构实现人工表面等离子体电场分布图;(b)超表面结构在谐振频率下的电场分布和表面电流分布。黑色箭头表示表面电流方向

    Figure 5.  (a) Electric field distribution of the SSP modes realized by the grating-coupled meta-surface structure. (b) Electric field and surface current distributions of the meta-surface structure at resonant frequency. The black arrows indicate the surface current direction

    图 6  改变光栅耦合超表面周围环境折射率所得到的透射率变化以及相应的传感灵敏度。(a)不同折射率所对应的透射谱;(b)计算得到的传感灵敏度

    Figure 6.  Changes in transmissivity and the corresponding sensing sensitivity obtained by changing the ambient refractive index around the grating-coupled meta-surface. (a) Transmission spectra with different refractive indices; (b) the calculated sensing sensitivity

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-09-26
  • 修回日期:  2022-10-11
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-11-22

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