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Interferometry of double-sided polished wafer and error analysis

BIAN Xiao-yue HAN Sen WU Quan-ying

边小月, 韩森, 吴泉英. 双面抛光晶圆干涉测量法及误差分析[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(4): 916-932. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0226
引用本文: 边小月, 韩森, 吴泉英. 双面抛光晶圆干涉测量法及误差分析[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(4): 916-932. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0226
BIAN Xiao-yue, HAN Sen, WU Quan-ying. Interferometry of double-sided polished wafer and error analysis[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(4): 916-932. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0226
Citation: BIAN Xiao-yue, HAN Sen, WU Quan-ying. Interferometry of double-sided polished wafer and error analysis[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(4): 916-932. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0226

双面抛光晶圆干涉测量法及误差分析

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: TN206;0436.1

Interferometry of double-sided polished wafer and error analysis

doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0226
Funds: Supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2022YFF0607700)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    BIAN Xiao-yue (1998—), female, from Huai’an, Jiangsu Province, a master's degree student, mainly engaged in the research of optical interference wafers inspection. E-mail: 2011182025@post.usts.edu.cn

    HAN Sen (1961—), male, born in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, Professor, Doctoral supervisor, received his doctor degree from the University of Stuttgart, Germany, in 1997. He is mainly engaged in the research of optical interference technology, nano-measurement technology, precision optical instruments, transmission wavefront detection technology and automatic control. E-mail: senhanemail@126.com

    WU Quan-ying (1965—), female, born in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, Professor, Doctoral supervisor, received her doctor degree in Soochow University in 2006, mainly engaged in the research of optical instrument design, processing and inspection. E-mail: wqycyh@mail.usts.edu.cn

    Corresponding author: senhanemail@126.comwqycyh@mail.usts.edu.cn
  • 摘要:

    为了实现双面抛光晶圆总厚度变化(TTV)和变形程度中弯曲度(Bow)和翘曲度(Warp)的测量,提出了一种干涉测量方法。采用两个带有标准镜的菲索式相移干涉仪对晶圆正反面同时进行测量,将测量所得晶圆正反面形貌与未放置晶圆时两个干涉仪的空腔形貌进行组合运算,可得到不受标准镜误差影响的双面抛光晶圆的表面相关参数。在组合运算中,由于两个标准镜未精确对准会产生映射误差,影响相关参数的测量结果。针对这一问题,在晶圆测量之前,将三点定位装置固定在两个标准镜之间,基于三点定圆定理不断调整两个标准镜的位置,可使映射误差极小,进而减小映射误差对测量结果的影响。实验结果表明,50 mm晶圆横向和纵向的映射误差分别为21.592 μm和37.480 μm,TTV、弯曲度和翘曲度分别为0.198 μm、−0.326 μm和1.423 μm。为了进一步验证调整方法的有效性,采用单个干涉仪对晶圆进行翻转测量,由测量结果可知晶圆的TTV、弯曲度和翘曲度分别为0.208 μm、−0.326 μm和1.415 μm。所提干涉法在调整好两个标准镜的位置后,可以方便快速的用于大批量大尺寸晶圆的测量,提高了晶圆的检测效率,同时具有较高的测量精度。

     

  • 图 1  晶圆TTV、Warp以及Bow定义

    Figure 1.  Definitions of wafers TTV, Warp and Bow

    图 2  双面抛光晶圆的测量原理图

    Figure 2.  Schematic diagram of measurement principle of double-sided polished wafer

    图 3  菲索测量空腔横截面

    Figure 3.  Cross-sections of measurement cavity using Fizeau interferometer

    图 4  映射误差分析图

    Figure 4.  Schematic diagram of mapping error analysis

    图 5  三点在不同CCD中的像素坐标

    Figure 5.  Pixel coordinates of three points in different CCDs

    图 6  实验装置图

    Figure 6.  Experimental setup diagram

    图 7  三点在不同光强图中的像素坐标

    Figure 7.  Pixel coordinates of three points in different intensity diagrams

    图 8  测量所得晶圆正反面以及空腔形貌图

    Figure 8.  Topography of the front and back of the measured wafer and cavity topography

    图 9  晶圆的厚度变化和中位面面形偏差形貌图

    Figure 9.  Wafer thickness variation and morphology of surface shape deviation from the central plane of the wafer

    图 10  翻转测量实验装置图

    Figure 10.  Flip measurement experimental setup diagram

    图 11  翻转法所得晶圆厚度变化和中位面面形偏差形貌图

    Figure 11.  Wafer thickness variation and morphology of surface shape deviation from the central plane obtained by the flip method

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-11-04
  • 修回日期:  2022-12-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-03-08

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