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激光在医疗领域中的应用

顾勇刚 牛健 杨坚 徐红星

顾勇刚, 牛健, 杨坚, 徐红星. 激光在医疗领域中的应用[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(2): 283-295. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0017
引用本文: 顾勇刚, 牛健, 杨坚, 徐红星. 激光在医疗领域中的应用[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(2): 283-295. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0017
GU Yong-gang, NIU Jian, YANG Jian, XU Hong-xing. Application of laser in the medical field[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(2): 283-295. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0017
Citation: GU Yong-gang, NIU Jian, YANG Jian, XU Hong-xing. Application of laser in the medical field[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(2): 283-295. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0017

激光在医疗领域中的应用

doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0017
详细信息
    作者简介:

    顾勇刚(1984—),男,湖北武汉人,2007年获得工学学士学位,主要从事激光医疗应用、激光控制系统、高低温检测方面的研究。E-mail:guyonggang@126.com

    徐红星(1969—),男,江苏灌云人,博士,教授,中国科学院院士,主要从事等离激元光子学、纳米光学、单分子光谱和纳米光芯片等前沿领域的研究。E-mail:hxxu@whu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TP394.1;TH691.9

Application of laser in the medical field

More Information
  • 摘要:

    随着激光技术的飞速发展,激光在医疗领域中的应用得到了日益广泛的关注。由于其具有无接触、精度高、损伤小、便携性和操作灵活等优点,激光医疗极大地丰富了临床医疗的技术手段,在部分疾病的治疗中逐渐取代了传统方法,提升了医疗行业整体的技术水平。当前,激光医疗的市场占有率不断增加,发展前景十分广阔。本文介绍了激光医疗技术和医用激光系统的要求,重点对激光医疗在各临床科室中的应用研究现状进行了全面阐述,最后针对我国激光医疗领域存在的问题给出了建议。

     

  • 图 1  BrightLase Ultra-50 MEDICA型激光器

    Figure 1.  BrightLase Ultra-50 MEDICA Laser

    图 2  光纤内窥镜示意图[34]

    Figure 2.  Schematic diagram of a fiber optic endoscope[34]

    图 3  微型激光切骨机器人[59]

    Figure 3.  Mini laser osteotomy robot[59]

    表  1  不同类型的激光器在不同疾病中的应用[6]

    Table  1.   Applications of different types of laser in different diseases[6] (Unit: nm)

    科室病症激光器类型波长nm
    皮肤整形科白癜风准分子激光器308
    皮肤整形科、眼科黄褐斑、黄斑水肿KTP激光器、半导体激光器532
    眼科糖尿病视网膜病变黄激光激光器567
    皮肤整形科面部老化CO2激光器560~1200
    皮肤整形科鲜红斑痣脉冲染料激光器585
    肿瘤科肿瘤半导体激光器671
    皮肤整形科汗孔角化翠绿宝石激光器755
    眼科、肿瘤科青光眼、血管瘤半导体激光器810
    血管外科静脉曲张半导体激光器980
    肿瘤科、皮肤整形科血管瘤、喉部病变、痤疮CO2激光器、Nd:YAG激光器1064
    肿瘤科、血管外科、泌尿外科膀胱肿瘤、深静脉瓣膜缺陷、前列腺增生半导体激光器1470
    泌尿外科输尿管结石钬激光器2100
    皮肤整形科凹陷性瘢痕Er:YAG点阵激光器2940
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-16
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