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Double Fano resonance and refractive index sensors based on parallel-arranged Au nanorod dimer metasurface arrays

ZHANG Zhi-dong ZHANG Hui-nan LIANG Jie GE Hai-xia LIU Yan-li ZHU Xu-peng

张志东, 张慧男, 梁洁, 盖海霞, 刘艳莉, 朱旭鹏. 基于Au纳米平行双棒超表面阵列的双Fano共振和折射率传感器特性研究[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(4): 961-971. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN-2023-0008
引用本文: 张志东, 张慧男, 梁洁, 盖海霞, 刘艳莉, 朱旭鹏. 基于Au纳米平行双棒超表面阵列的双Fano共振和折射率传感器特性研究[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2023, 16(4): 961-971. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN-2023-0008
ZHANG Zhi-dong, ZHANG Hui-nan, LIANG Jie, GE Hai-xia, LIU Yan-li, ZHU Xu-peng. Double Fano resonance and refractive index sensors based on parallel-arranged Au nanorod dimer metasurface arrays[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(4): 961-971. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN-2023-0008
Citation: ZHANG Zhi-dong, ZHANG Hui-nan, LIANG Jie, GE Hai-xia, LIU Yan-li, ZHU Xu-peng. Double Fano resonance and refractive index sensors based on parallel-arranged Au nanorod dimer metasurface arrays[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(4): 961-971. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN-2023-0008

基于Au纳米平行双棒超表面阵列的双Fano共振和折射率传感器特性研究

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: TP394.1;TH691.9

Double Fano resonance and refractive index sensors based on parallel-arranged Au nanorod dimer metasurface arrays

doi: 10.37188/CO.EN-2023-0008
Funds: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.12004150); Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi (No. 2020L0316); the Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (No. 2020A1515110998)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    ZHANG Zhi-dong (1985—), male, born in Jingle, Shanxi Province, Doctor, graduate student supervisor, received his Ph. D in electromagnetic field and microwave technology from Southwest Jiaotong University in 2014. He is currently an associate Professor at the school of Instrumentation and Electronics of North University of China,and he is the member of the Key Laboratory of Instrumentation Science & Dynamic Measurement of Ministry of Education. His research interests include micro/nanosensors and nanophotonics. E-mail: zdzhang@nuc.edu.cn

    LIU Yan-Li (1985—), female, born in huaibei, Anhui Province, Doctor, received her Ph. D degree from North University of China. She is an Associate Professor at the School of Information and Communication Engineering, of North University of China. Her current research interests include micro/nano-photonics. E-mail: 565347436@qq.com

    ZHU Xu-peng (1992—), male, born in Tianshui, Gansu Province, Doctor, received his Ph. D degree from Hunan University in 2018. Currently, he is an associate professor in physics at the School of Physics Science and Technology of Lingnan Normal University. His current research is focused on the surface plasmon effects of multiscale metallic micro–nanostructures. E-mail: zhuxp18@lingnan.edu.cn

    Corresponding author: 565347436@qq.comzhuxp18@lingnan.edu.cn
  • 摘要:

    为了研究超表面结构的耦合及折射率传感特性,设计了一种由两种长度不同的纳米棒组成的二聚体结构,并研究该结构的透射光谱,共振峰处的电场和电荷分布以及结构参数对透射光谱的影响。本文采用有限元法对光学性能进行仿真分析,采用准静态逼近模型解释了平行双纳米棒结构的耦合机理。在共振波长上模拟电场分布,分析电子振动模式,在透射光谱中出现了不对称线型的双Fano共振。结果表明,双Fano共振是由纳米棒和衬底之间的耦合作用产生的,可以通过结构参数和周围介质的折射率来调控,且基于Fano共振的折射率灵敏度最大可达1.137 μm/RIU。这些研究结果为设计等离激元传感器提供了理论依据。

     

  • Figure 1.  (a) The metasurface array of double parallel nanorods with different lengths. (b) The planar graph of this structure

    Figure 2.  The interactive electric energy between the moment of the double nanorods’ dipole

    Figure 3.  Transmittance spectra of the nanorod dimer nanostructures, where the distances of the short nanorod’s center deviating from the long nanorod’s center is fixed as 0 nm and 80 nm

    Figure 4.  The distribution of the normalized square of the electric field (|E|2) and the charge density of the nanorod dimer for the symmetry structure peak at A and C, and dip at B and D where S = 0 nm at (a) λA = 2.32 μm, (b) λB = 2.36 μm, (c) λC = 2.92 μm, and (d) λD = 3.00 μm

    Figure 5.  The distribution of the normalized square of electric field (|E|2) and the charge density of the double parallel nanorods for symmetry structure at the peak E, G, I and dips F, H, J with the parameter s = 80 nm at λE = 2.26 mm (a), λF = 2.30 mm (b), λG = 2.36 mm (c), λH = 2.90 mm (d), λI = 2.98 mm (e), and λJ = 3.00 mm (f).

    Figure 6.  Transmission spectra of the double parallel nanorods: (a) s = 0, 20, 40, 60, and 80 nm with fixed L2 = 800 nm, w = 100 nm, L1 = 400 nm, t = 50 nm and g = 20 nm. (b) L1 = 400, 420, 440, 460, and 480 nm with fixed S = 0 nm, w = 100 nm, L2 = 800 nm, t = 50 nm and g = 20 nm.

    Figure 7.  Transmission spectra of the double parallel nanorods. (a) g = 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 nm with fixed s = 0 nm, L1 = 400 nm, w = 100 nm, L2 = 800 nm and t = 50 nm. (b) θ = 0°, 30°, 60°, and 90° with fixed s = 0 nm, L1 = 400 nm, w = 100 nm, L2 = 800 nm, t = 50 nm, and g = 20 nm

    Figure 8.  (a) Transmission spectra varying with different refractive index n. (b) Relationship between the resonance dip wavelength λ1 and λ2 and the refractive index. (c) Relationship between resonance dip wavelength change δλ and the change in the refractive index δn

    Table  1.   Comparison of sensitivity of different methods

    Sensitivity
    (nm/RIU)
    FoMRef.
    191219[36]
    21109[37]
    365520[38]
    4138018.9[39]
    105519.5[40]
    51137This paper
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-23
  • 修回日期:  2023-05-18
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-06-17

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