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无拖曳控制技术研究及在我国空间引力波探测中的应用

邓剑峰 蔡志鸣 陈琨 侍行剑 余金培 李华旺

邓剑峰, 蔡志鸣, 陈琨, 侍行剑, 余金培, 李华旺. 无拖曳控制技术研究及在我国空间引力波探测中的应用[J]. 中国光学, 2019, 12(3): 503-514. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0503
引用本文: 邓剑峰, 蔡志鸣, 陈琨, 侍行剑, 余金培, 李华旺. 无拖曳控制技术研究及在我国空间引力波探测中的应用[J]. 中国光学, 2019, 12(3): 503-514. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0503
DENG Jian-feng, CAI Zhi-ming, CHEN Kun, SHI Xing-jian, YU Jin-pei, LI Hua-wang. Drag-free control and its application in China's space gravitational wave detection[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(3): 503-514. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0503
Citation: DENG Jian-feng, CAI Zhi-ming, CHEN Kun, SHI Xing-jian, YU Jin-pei, LI Hua-wang. Drag-free control and its application in China's space gravitational wave detection[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(3): 503-514. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0503

无拖曳控制技术研究及在我国空间引力波探测中的应用

doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0503
基金项目: 

空间引力波探测太极计划 XDA1502070006

自适应磁场重联显微计资助项目 XDA15011402

详细信息
    作者简介:

    邓剑峰(1989-), 男, 湖南邵阳人, 2018年于北京理工大学获得工学博士学位。现为上海微小卫星工程中心科学卫星总体部研究员助理, 主要从事卫星总体方案设计及导航、制导与控制方法研究。E-mail:jfdeng528@163.com

    蔡志鸣(1984-), 男, 浙江瑞安人, 2010年于英国萨里大学获得硕士学位, 副研究员, 现任上海微小卫星工程中心, 科学卫星总体部, 总体技术组负责人, 微重力卫星型号副总师, 主要研究方向为卫星总体设计及卫星通信。E-mail: caizm@microsate.com

  • 中图分类号: TP394.1;TH691.9

Drag-free control and its application in China's space gravitational wave detection

Funds: 

Space Gravitational Wave Detection "Taiji" Plan XDA1502070006

Self-Adaptive Magnetic Reconnection Microscope Mission XDA15011402

More Information
  • 摘要: 无拖曳控制技术通过控制微推力器产生的推力来抵消航天器受到的非保守力,其是获得超静超稳空间实验平台的关键技术之一。首先总结了无拖曳控制技术的研究现状与发展趋势,系统地总结了国外历次无拖曳航天器控制系统的详细设计方案以及国内的研究进展,随后分析了无拖曳控制技术的特点以及所面临的挑战,并概括了无拖曳控制所涉及到的关键技术。最后针对我国空间引力波探测对无拖曳控制技术的需求做了详细的分析与展望。
  • 图  1  在轨卫星无拖曳控制示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic of drag-free control of on-orbit satellite

    图  2  “Trial I” DISCOS控制系统

    Figure  2.  DISCOS control system of "Trial I"

    图  3  “GP-B”位移模式无拖曳控制系统

    Figure  3.  Drag-free control system with "GP-B" displacement mode

    图  4  “GP-B”加速度计模式无拖曳控制系统

    Figure  4.  Drag-free control system with "GP-B" accelerometer mode

    图  5  GOCE卫星无拖曳与姿态控制框图

    Figure  5.  Block diagram of the drag-free and attitude control of GOCE

    图  6  LPF无拖曳控制图

    Figure  6.  Block diagram of drag-free control of LPF

    图  7  LPF检验质量和航天器坐标系和变量定义

    Figure  7.  Test masses, spacecraft coordinate and variable definition of LPF

    图  8  600 km轨道大气扰动功率谱噪声

    Figure  8.  Spectral density of atmospheric disturbance at 600 km

    图  9  600 km轨道太阳光压扰动加速度功率谱噪声

    Figure  9.  Spectral density noise of disturbance acceleration sun pressure at 600 km

    表  1  检验质量的分类

    Table  1.   Classification of test mass

    形状 代表卫星 稳定模式 优点
    球形 GPB 自旋稳定 自旋稳定,消除球度不规则引起的观测误差
    圆柱形 STEP 自旋稳定 自旋稳定,消除圆度不规则引起的观测误差
    方形 LPF 三轴稳定 自由度分离,便于控制
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  无拖曳控制微推力器

    Table  2.   Micro-thruster with drag-free control

    推力器 代表卫星 推力范围 推力噪声
    离子微推形 GOCE 几微牛~几百毫牛 几十微牛
    冷气微推 Trial I 几微牛~几十毫牛 0.1~几十微牛
    微胶体微推 LPF 几微牛~几十微牛 0.1微牛
    场发射微推 LPF 几微牛~几十微牛 0.1微牛
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-11-19
  • 修回日期:  2019-01-04
  • 刊出日期:  2019-06-01

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