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星上剩磁对惯性传感器的影响

柴国志 黄亮 乔亮 张冠茂

柴国志, 黄亮, 乔亮, 张冠茂. 星上剩磁对惯性传感器的影响[J]. 中国光学, 2019, 12(3): 515-525. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0515
引用本文: 柴国志, 黄亮, 乔亮, 张冠茂. 星上剩磁对惯性传感器的影响[J]. 中国光学, 2019, 12(3): 515-525. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0515
CHAI Guo-zhi, HUANG Liang, QIAO Liang, ZHANG Guan-mao. Effect of the on-board residual magnetism on inertial sensors[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(3): 515-525. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0515
Citation: CHAI Guo-zhi, HUANG Liang, QIAO Liang, ZHANG Guan-mao. Effect of the on-board residual magnetism on inertial sensors[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(3): 515-525. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0515

星上剩磁对惯性传感器的影响

doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0515
基金项目: 

中央高校基本科研业务费 lzujbky-2018-k11

详细信息
    作者简介:

    柴国志(1984-), 男, 河北邢台人, 副教授, 2006年、2012年于兰州大学分别获得物理学学士学位和凝聚态物理博士学位, 主要从事高频磁性材料、布里渊光散射和基于高频动力学的磁传感方面的研究。E-mail:chaigzh@lzu.edu.cn

    黄亮(1980—),男,河北保定人,教授,2002年、2005年于兰州大学分别获得物理学学士和理论物理硕士学位,2008年于亚利桑那州立大学获得电子工程系博士学位,主要从事统计物理与复杂系统方面的研究。E-mail:huangl@lzu.edu.cn

    乔亮(1981—),男,湖南岳阳人,副教授,2004年、2009年于兰州大学分别获得物理学学士和理论物理博士学位,主要从事磁模拟仿真、新型软磁吸波材料和磁屏蔽方面的研究。E-mail:qiaoliang@lzu.edu.cn

    张冠茂(1973—),男,甘肃正宁人,博士,副教授,1995年、1998年于兰州大学分别获得电子与信息科学系无线电物理专业理学学士和理学硕士学位,2007年于兰州大学信息科学与工程学院获得无线电物理专业理学博士学位,主要从事微纳光器件设计与应用及信息与通信电路设计方面的研究。E-mail:zhanggm@lzu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TP394.1;TH691.9

Effect of the on-board residual magnetism on inertial sensors

Funds: 

the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities lzujbky-2018-k11

More Information
  • 摘要: 空间引力波探测对剩余加速度的要求极高,达到了10-15 ms-2Hz-1/2量级,然而在空间引力波探测时,惯性传感器所在位置的环境磁场会带来磁场力和洛伦兹力。为保证引力波的正常探测,必须将环境磁场及磁场梯度控制在一定范围内。本文主要针对星上剩磁对惯性传感器的影响,从星际磁场、卫星部件剩磁和时变磁场探测等几个方面探讨了剩磁与加速度之间的关系,也对卫星磁场源模拟以及磁场探测方法进行了讨论。结果表明,通过对磁场源位置和方向进行优化可以降低直流剩磁,通过弱磁探测装置对星际磁场和时变磁场进行实时监控以排除磁场噪声影响,对于得到高精度的引力波探测数据是必不可少的。本文研究说明实施星上剩磁对惯性传感器的影响分析是有必要的,并且可以发展一套卫星平台剩磁评估方案和弱磁探测方法。
  • 图  1  左:Billingsley公司生产TFM100G4型三轴磁通门传感器照片,中图和右图分别为磁通门传感器的几何尺寸和示意图[21]

    Figure  1.  Left picture:billingsley tri-axial fluxgate magnetometer selected for LISA Pathfinder. Center and right: mechanical drawing and schematic of the inner sensor heads(X, Y and Z axis)

    表  1  LISA-Pathfinder检验质量基本参数[12]

    Table  1.   Basic parameters of TM of LISA-Pathfinder

    参数 数值
    质量(m)/kg 1.96
    边长(L)/m 0.046
    面积(A)/m2 2.12×10-4
    体积(V)/m3 9.73×10-5
    电导率(σ0)/m-1Ω-1 3.33×106
    磁化率(χ0) 2.5×10-5
    虚部磁化率(δχ) 3×10-7
    剩余磁矩(mr)/A·m2 2×10-8
    磁化率频率因子(τe)/s 1/(2π630)
    电荷数(q0) 1×107
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  LISA-Pathfinder任务中各磁场源数值[12]

    Table  2.   Magnetic sources of LISA-Pathfinder mission

    参数 数值
    卫星直流磁场分量/nT 144
    星际直流磁场分量/nT 10
    卫星磁场波动/nTHz-1/2 21
    星际磁场波动/nTHz-1/2 55
    卫星磁场梯度/nT m-1 11 500
    星际磁场梯度 0
    卫星磁场梯度波动/nT m-1 Hz-1/2 39
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  各类磁场噪声源对加速度噪声贡献[12]

    Table  3.   Contribution of various types of noise sources to the total acceleration noise

    参数 加速度噪声(m s-2 Hz-1/2)
    卫星磁场波动 0.680×10-15
    星际磁场波动 1.701×10-15
    卫星磁场梯度 1.097×10-15
    交流磁场贡献 1.265×10-15
    洛伦兹力贡献 0.013×10-15
    总计 2.775×10-15
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  可能用于空间弱磁场探测小型磁传感器

    Table  4.   Small magnetic sensors which can possibly be used for space weak magnetic field detection

    传感器 量程/μT 噪声密度/[nT·Hz-1/2]@1 Hz 精度/(V·mT-1) 尺寸/(mm×mm×mm)
    PCB-FG 50 0.02 120 33.5×15.6×0.9 [28]
    MicroFG 900 2.48 1.089 4.65×5.04[29]
    AMR 200 0.18 0.160 4×11.3×1.7[25]
    GMR 150 3 0.036 6×4.9×1.37[23]
    TMR 2 600 3.8 0.164 35×3×0.75[30]
    GMI 100 0.035 100 22.5×3[26]
    MI 17 0.003 68 10×0.8×0.5[27]
    CSAM 20 0.005 2.4 1.7×3.3×4.5[31]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-04-20
  • 修回日期:  2019-05-07
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